Bladder surgery is a medical procedure performed to treat a variety of bladder-related conditions, including urinary incontinence, bladder cancer, bladder stones, interstitial cystitis, and urethral strictures. The surgery involves the removal of all or part of the bladder, depending on the severity of the condition.
Cystoscopy is a common diagnostic tool used to examine the bladder, urethra, and prostate in men. The procedure involves inserting a thin, flexible tube called a cystoscope through the urethra and into the bladder. This helps the doctor to view the bladder’s lining and identify any abnormalities, such as tumors, inflammation, or infection.
In some cases, cystoscopy can also be used to perform a biopsy of the bladder tissue. If the biopsy reveals the presence of cancerous cells, further bladder surgery may be required.
One of the most common types of bladder surgery is transurethral resection of the bladder tumor (TURBT). This procedure is performed to remove bladder tumors and prevent their recurrence. During the surgery, the surgeon uses a cystoscope to locate the tumor and then removes it using a specialized instrument.
Another type of bladder surgery is bladder augmentation, which is performed to increase the bladder’s capacity. This surgery is often recommended for patients with a small or poorly functioning bladder due to a congenital condition or injury. During the surgery, a portion of the patient’s intestine is removed and used to enlarge the bladder.
Recovery from bladder surgery varies depending on the type and severity of the procedure. In general, patients may experience pain, discomfort, and urinary incontinence for several weeks after the surgery. Pain medication and antibiotics may be prescribed to manage these symptoms.
Patients are typically advised to avoid strenuous physical activity, sexual intercourse, and heavy lifting for several weeks after bladder surgery. They may also need to follow a special diet to help their bladder heal properly. In some cases, catheterization may be necessary for several weeks after the surgery to help drain urine from the bladder.
Overall, bladder surgery can be a highly effective treatment option for a variety of bladder-related conditions. However, it is important to discuss the risks and benefits of the procedure with a qualified healthcare provider before making a decision. By understanding the procedure and recovery process, patients can make an informed decision about their healthcare and achieve the best possible outcomes.
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