The urological society of Australia and New Zealand advocate that a PSA test be offered to men between the ages of 40 to 50, and as early as 40. This is because 10 men under the age of 50 per week in Australia are diagnosed with prostate cancer. The normal level of PSA at 40 is 0.6 ng/mL and a level higher than this means prostate cancer risk is higher than the average. The PSA level at 50 years should be 0.7 ng/mL. One PSA test and rectal exam in men between 40 and 50 years can help risk stratify their future risk of prostate cancer and determine how closely that man needs to be watched over the next 30 years. The lifetime risk of prostate cancer is 17%, whereas the actual risk of death is only 3%.